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Did God Hate Esau?

Malachi 1:1-3 says: “An oracle. The word of the LORD to Israel through Malachi. ‘I have loved you,’ says the LORD; but you say, ‘How have you loved us?’ ‘Was not Esau Jacob’s brother?’ says the LORD: ‘yet I loved Jacob, but hated Esau; I made his mountains a waste, his heritage a desert for jackals.’” Romans 9:13 quotes part of this passage, “As it is written: ‘I loved Jacob but hated Esau.’” Is it true that God hated Esau?


No, God did not hate Esau, but God did prefer Jacob (later known as Israel) over Esau. The Hebrew word used in these passages is translated as hate inThe New American BibleThe New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) andThe New Jerusalem Bible. If God prefers one person over another, biblical writers may say that God loves the one and hates the other, although God cannot hate any person.

According to The NRSV Concordance Unabridged, the word hate occurs 83 times in the Old Testament and 17 times in the New Testament, not countinghatedhates and similar words. In the Old Testament, 78 of those usages applyhate in the context of one person to God, an individual, a group of people or some type of sin. Only five times do we read that God hates in the sense described above.

The New Testament’s first usage of hate is a challenge to the idea that one person is allowed to hate another. In Matthew 5:43-45, Jesus says: “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy.’ But I say to you, love your enemies, and pray for those who persecute you, that you may be children of your heavenly Father, for he makes his sun rise on the bad and the good, and causes rain to fall on the just and the unjust.”

In Luke 14:26-27, however, Jesus employs the Hebrew usage described above when he addresses the great crowds following him and says: “If anyone comes to me without hating his father and mother, wife and children, brothers and sisters, and even his own life, he cannot be my disciple. Whoever does not carry his own cross and come after me cannot be my disciple.” The New American Bible‘s footnote for this passage notes the similar saying in Matthew 10:37 and explains, “The disciple’s family must take second place to the absolute dedication involved in following Jesus (see also Luke 9:59-62).”

Other New Testament passages apply hate as happening between one person and someone else or in the Semitic sense of prefer.

God cannot do anything that contradicts what being God means. For example, God cannot be dishonest or unjust because that would contradict God’s truthfulness or justice. The three persons of the Trinity cannot be in competition with one another because that would contradict God’s unity.

Sometimes our language about God is deliberately very selective. Saying that God hates some people the way that humans sometimes hate one another could be interpreted as giving someone permission to do the same.

If we cite a passage such as Malachi 1:1-3 or Romans 9:13 to justify our hatred, we are taking that passage out of context and giving it a meaning contrary to how the faith community has understood it. God might say: “Don’t use me to justify your hatred. Accept responsibility for your actions. Come to your senses and reject hatred!”


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6 thoughts on “Did God Hate Esau?”

  1. Incorrect explanation. He did hate easau. You’d be saying the Bible has a fallacy.
    Just as Jacob deserved to be hated more, he had grace. When esau gave his away.
    God will judge the sinners, not the sin. The sin doesn’t go to hell, the SINNER does. Jacob hated esau. See?

  2. Pingback: Why did God hate Esau? - Christian Faith Guide

    1. This is a favorite for predestination Freaks When God said that he hardened pharaohs Heart a keep in mind that pharaoh also Hardened his own heart When God said Jacob have I loved Esau have I Hated I believe it means that Esau in his Heart Rejected God so all who reject God will be cast into the lake of Fire God goes to great Lengths to save a sinner, All the people in hell will be there because they rejected Jesus and in their hearts have Hated the Lord so God gives them over to Hate so Hate is used here to mean that Esau Chose to Hate the Lord but by no means should this be Used as a excuse to Hate people God so loved the world he gave his only begotten son that whosoever believe the him should not perish but have everlasting Life Sam

  3. Great explanation by author. The Franciscan & it IS the correct interpretation of this at first glance a difficult passage. I thank God for the light given to you from God’s Holy Spirit illuminating the scriptures as we ARE commanded to use the Bible in comparing all related scriptures that we might arrive at the Truth, Jesus! And He is love, just as the great Apostle John, who was always found close to Hesus, even at His crucifixion was the ONLY disciple there and thus He knew Jesus more intimately that all the others, penned the greatest verse in our Bible, John3:16, “For God so loved THE WORLD! Yet someone woukd say, “Yes, He loved all the world except just one man, Esau?” Oh no, for John wrote is 1st John that, “GOD IS LOVE!.” And God dies not change ever, He’s the same yesterday, today, & forever. He was Holy yesterday, He is HOLY today, He is HOLY FOREVER! And the same is true of His attribute of Love. JOHN SAYS IT BEST! SIMPLY PUT, “God IS Love!!!!” THANK YOU FOR LOVING US ALL DEAR LORD! 🙏🏻

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