Life of Raymond Lull | reproduced in An illustrated history of the Knights Templar, James Wasserman | photo by Thomas le Myésier

Blessed Raymond Lull

June 26. Blessed Raymond Lull, a Secular Franciscan, spent his life supporting the study of languages necessary for successful work in the missions. It wasn’t until late in life that he saw any fruition of his labors, when language chairs were established in several universities.

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Statue in Sanctuary of Nossa Senhora do Sameiro, Braga, Portugal | photo by Joseolgon

Saint Cyril of Alexandria

June 27. Saint Cyril of Alexandria was instrumental in the Church’s doctrinal statement that there is one person but two natures in Christ. The practical implication of this teaching is that we believe that Jesus is truly God and truly human. This definition was the source of much controversy in the early Church.

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Stained glass window of Saint Irenaeus | Église Saint-Irénée, France | photo by Gérald Gambier

Saint Irenaeus

June 28. While we know little about the birth and death of Saint Irenaeus, we know that his life’s work of fighting Gnosticism had a tremendous influence on the theology of the Church. A man of learning and high passions, Saint Irenaeus refuted the Gnostic claims of “secret” knowledge, and supported the teachings of the Apostles and Scripture.

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The Virgin and Child with Saints Peter and Paul | Girolamo Figino

Solemnity of Saints Peter and Paul

June 29. We celebrate two great saints today, Saints Peter and Paul. Saint Peter is often considered the Apostle to the Jews and Saint Paul to the gentiles (based, most probably, on his extensive travels among the gentiles). Together they witnessed to the budding of Christianity, and both laid down their lives for the faith.

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Christian heroes and martyrs | William A. Foster | The Library of Congress

First Martyrs of the Church of Rome

June 30. Around the year 64, the city of Rome experienced a devastating fire. The Emperor Nero blamed it on the Christians, and a severe persecution followed. Included in the mass murder of Christians were the First Martyrs of Rome. We don’t know their names, but their witness to the faith is certain.

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A bronze statue of Blessed Junipero Serra by sculptor Arthur Putnam stands on the grounds of the Presidio Hill in San Diego July 27. Serra chose the spot for the first Alta California mission in 1769. The mission was later moved a few miles away from the presidio. (CNS photo/Nancy Wiechec) See SERRA-IMAGES Aug. 17, 2015.

Saint Junipero Serra

July 1. Embroiled in some controversy due to the interpretation of historical facts, Saint Junipero Serra was canonized by Pope Francis on the steps of the Basilica of the Immaculate Conception in Washington DC on September 23, 2015. Known for having traveled the west coast of the country, Saint Juniper founded many of the famous California Missions in the 18th century.

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Oliver Plunket | Edward Luttrell

Saint Oliver Plunkett

July 2. Saint Oliver Plunkett may not be a household name in the United States but he certainly is well known in the British Isles. The Archbishop of Armagh, Saint Oliver Plunkett led his archdiocese through the rough days of persecution of Catholics. Finally apprehended, Saint Oliver was hanged, drawn, and quartered July 1, 1681.

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Saint Thomas | Georges de La Tour

Saint Thomas the Apostle

July 3. We don’t know a lot about Saint Thomas the Apostle, but tradition has it that he traveled to and preached the gospel in India, where he was eventually martyred. His name means “twin,” and due to his skepticism, he is also known as “Doubting Thomas.”

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Santa Isabel de Portugal | Francisco de Zurbarán

Saint Elizabeth of Portugal

July 4. Saint Elizabeth of Portugal did not have an easy life in spite of the fact that she was royalty. She spent her life seeking peace between herself and her unfaithful husband, and between many of her relatives. She had some success before retiring to a Poor Clare monastery where she died.

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Sculpture of Saint Anthony Mary Zaccaria, at St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican | Cesare Aureli

Saint Anthony Zaccaria

July 5. Saint Anthony Zaccaria lived only 36 years, but founded three religious communities, and contributed to the reformation of the Church. He insisted on various religious or devotional practices to renew the spiritual life of the clergy, religious, and laity.

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